Electrocardiography is a commonly used, non-invasive procedure for recording electrical changes in the heart. The record, which is called an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), shows the series of waves that relate to the electrical impulses, which occur during each beat of the heart. The results are printed on paper or displayed on a monitor.
Electrocardiography is a starting point for detecting many cardiac problems. It is used routinely in physical examinations and for monitoring the patient’s condition during and after surgery, as well as during intensive care. It is the basic measurement used for tests such as exercise tolerance and is used to evaluate causes of symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath and palpitations.